The Pirate's Realm
- John Hawkins was the older cousin of Francis Drake - pioneered the efforts to break Spain's hold in the Caribbean - His streamlining of ships contributed to England's defeat of the Spanish Armada.
John Hawkins was born in 1532 in Plymouth, England to a prosperous merchant family.He went to sea as a young man like many others from the area, and soon had a highly profitable business stealing slaves from Portuguese ships off West Africa and selling them illegally all over the Spanish Main.
Queen Elizabeth eventually became one of his backers despite increasing strain between England and France, and she was protected by Hawkins from the plots of Spain to remove her from the throne.Play Britain's Anthem (Win Media Download- 4Kb)
Beginning in 1577 as naval treasurer and later as chief administrator, Hawkins spent time on land streamlining both the navy's finances and her ships, as well as backing his cousin Sir Francis Drake. His efforts led to receiving knighthood and contributed greatly to the ultimate defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588.
John Hawkins wished to deal the Spanish a deathblow, and so he sailed with Frobisher in an attack on the Spanish Treasure Fleet in the Azores in 1590. The operation was a tactical failure but an inspirational success; it started a growing movement of pirates and piracy that would help to break the hold of Spain in the New World.
He spent several more years occupied with his business before sailing one last time with Francis Drake to South America in 1595. It seems this trip was more personal for Hawkins, for some report that he was attempting to rescue his son Richard from captivity in Peru. He died at 63 of an unknown illness aboard his ship near Puerto Rico.
John Hawkins- Wikipedia / Sir John Hawkins / Admiral Sir John Hawkins
- Britain ? The Rise of a Pirate Empire | 2ndlook
11 Oct 2011 at 5:40pm
One of the earliest 'success stories' was Pirate John Hawkins. So successful was Pirate Hawkins, that he became Admiral 'Sir' John Hawkins. Pirates like Admiral 'Sir' John Hawkins made money on slave trade and piracy.
- English Historical Fiction Authors: Sir Francis Drake and the African ...
5 Oct 2012 at 1:30am
So what about his cousin, Sir John Hawkins, the founder of the British Navy, the man who built Queen Elizabeth's galleons to defend us against the Spanish Armada? Surely he was no pirate; he was a respectable merchant, ...
- Queen Elizabeth's Slave Trader. ? Historical Thrillers
2 Aug 2012 at 9:26am
So what about his cousin, Sir John Hawkins, the founder of the British Navy, the man who built Queen Elizabeth's galleons to defend us against the Spanish Armada? Surely he was a respectable man; not a pirate, but a ...
- Elizabeth I of England - New World Encyclopedia
28 Jan 2007 at 1:41pm
... then found a new enemy in her brother-in-law, Philip II, King of Spain. After Philip had launched a surprise attack on the English pirates Sir Francis Drake and John Hawkins in 1568, Elizabeth assented to the detention of a Spanish treasure ship in 1569. .... English privateers continued to attack Spanish treasure ships from the Americas; the most famous privateers included Sir John Hawkins and Sir Martin Frobisher. In 1595 and 1596, a disastrous expedition on the Spanish Main led ...
- The Pirate Empire: Two Kinds of Pirate
11 Aug 2014 at 8:00pm
They included the likes of Sir John Hawkins, Sir Thomas Cavendish and Sir Humphrey Gilbert. You may have noticed that all these men were knighted (which seems an odd fate for a pirate), evidenced by the ?sir? before their ...