John Hawkins, Sir John Hawkins

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Interesting Facts-
- John Hawkins was the older cousin of Francis Drake - pioneered the efforts to break Spain's hold in the Caribbean - His streamlining of ships contributed to England's defeat of the Spanish Armada.

Sir John Hawkins

John Hawkins was born in 1532 in Plymouth, England to a prosperous merchant family.He went to sea as a young man like many others from the area, and soon had a highly profitable business stealing slaves from Portuguese ships off West Africa and selling them illegally all over the Spanish Main.

Queen Elizabeth eventually became one of his backers despite increasing strain between England and France, and she was protected by Hawkins from the plots of Spain to remove her from the throne.

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Beginning in 1577 as naval treasurer and later as chief administrator, Hawkins spent time on land streamlining both the navy's finances and her ships, as well as backing his cousin Sir Francis Drake. His efforts led to receiving knighthood and contributed greatly to the ultimate defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588.

John Hawkins wished to deal the Spanish a deathblow, and so he sailed with Frobisher in an attack on the Spanish Treasure Fleet in the Azores in 1590. The operation was a tactical failure but an inspirational success; it started a growing movement of pirates and piracy that would help to break the hold of Spain in the New World.

Francis Drake Seizes Spanish Treausre Ships- print

He spent several more years occupied with his business before sailing one last time with Francis Drake to South America in 1595. It seems this trip was more personal for Hawkins, for some report that he was attempting to rescue his son Richard from captivity in Peru. He died at 63 of an unknown illness aboard his ship near Puerto Rico.


John Hawkins- Wikipedia / Sir John Hawkins / Admiral Sir John Hawkins
  • They vilify us, the scoundrels do, when there is only this difference ...
    9 Apr 2014 at 8:03am
    VG/VG. Sir John Hawkins. For thousands of years pirates, privateers, and seafaring raiders have terrorized the ocean voyager and coastal inhabitant, plundering ship and shore with impunity. From the victim's point of view, ...
  • Britain The Rise of a Pirate Empire | 2ndlook
    11 Oct 2011 at 5:40pm
    One of the earliest 'success stories' was Pirate John Hawkins. So successful was Pirate Hawkins, that he became Admiral 'Sir' John Hawkins. Pirates like Admiral 'Sir' John Hawkins made money on slave trade and piracy.
  • European Exploration - Sir John Hawkins
    23 Nov 2012 at 2:37pm
    He married twice (Catherine Gonson and Margaret Vaughn). Sir John Hawkins was an explorer, soldier, pirate (for raiding enemy ships) and a privateer. He was most famous for his voyages from West Africa to South America.
  • Rambling Rose: Sir John Hawkins' Secret Treasure
    13 Oct 2008 at 4:57pm
    Most of you don't know this, but I am related to a real pirate: Sir John Hawkins. He was a famous pirate, but there is something about him you won't find in any books . Sir John Hawkins had a secret; a secret treasure that he ...
  • Sir John Hawkins: Queen Elizabeth's Slave Trader (The Pirate ...
    23 Nov 2011 at 12:13pm
    A portrait of a colourful Elizabethan slaver, merchant and admiral. Although his cousin Sir Francis Drake is more famous, Sir John Hawkins (1532-1595) was a more successful seaman and played a pivotal role in the history of ...

John Hawkins, Sir John Hawkins

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